On 10 December 2019, the Victorian First Peoples Assembly met for the first time in the Upper House of Parliament from Victoria to Melbourne. The main objective of the Assembly is to elaborate the rules under which individual treaties are negotiated between the Victorian Government and individual Victorian Aboriginal peoples. It will also create an independent contracting authority that will oversee negotiations between Aboriginal groups and the Victorian government and ensure fairness.  Note that it is not the name (an agreement, a pact, an agreement, etc.), but the content of an agreement between two parties that constitutes a bilateral treaty. The Camp David Accords signed in September 1978 between Egypt and Israel, or the Geneva Protocol or the Biological Weapons Convention – none of which have the term “treaty” as its name are examples.  In international law, a treaty is a treaty of any legally binding agreement between states (countries). A treaty can be called a convention, protocol, pact, agreement, etc.c is the content of the agreement, not its name, that makes it a treaty. Thus, the Geneva Protocol and the Biological Weapons Convention are the two treaties, although no one has the word “treaty” in its name. Under U.S.
law, a treaty is specifically a legally binding agreement between countries that requires ratification and “deliberation and approval” by the Senate. All other agreements (treaties in the international sense of the term) are called executive agreements, but are nevertheless legally binding under international law to the United States. The end of the preamble and the beginning of the agreement itself are often indicated by the words “agreed as follows”. If, in a bilateral treaty, both parties are two countries bound by an international agreement, they are generally referred to as “States Parties”.  The nature of an agreement between two States Parties is governed by the rules of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. An agreement between a State or an organization and an international organization is governed by the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations.  Where a State limits its contractual obligations by reservations, other States parties have the possibility of accepting those reservations, contradicting them or formulating objections and opposing them. . .