The United States has reached an agreement with the Taliban, but considerable challenges remain, such as political power-sharing, the role of Islam and women`s rights in achieving intra-Afghan peace. Under the agreement, the withdrawal of U.S. troops does not depend on the success of intra-Afghan talks, but on the Taliban`s commitments to combat terrorist groups and to ensure that Afghanistan is not used as a site of attacks against the United States and its allies. The second path to a failure of an agreement involves a situation in which internal peace talks begin, but either negotiations are suspended or the implementation of an interim agreement faces serious problems. It would also be wise for the Taliban to think about how they are tackling this problem if the agreement involves them in state institutions. There is now a clear opportunity and expectation that the Taliban will take firm positions and tell the Afghan people how they can be partners in the fight against poverty, the marginalization of women and the promotion of reactive and accountable institutions after the count. Groups like the Islamic State of Chorasan could oppose the negotiations and try to attract disgruntled Taliban. The insurgency is not a homogeneous organization. These include other insurgent groups, drug trafficking organizations, tribes and militias, some of whom may strongly oppose a peace agreement. Even successful peace agreements have been threatened by spoilers who refuse to participate and feel more engaged in violence to achieve their goals, such as the Real Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland and the National Liberation Army in Colombia. Both carried out attacks before, during and after the peace accords. In February 2019, a new round of talks took place in Qatar, this time with Baradar in the Taliban delegation – he had been released by Pakistan in October 2018 at the request of the United States.   Khalilzad stated that this round of negotiations was “more productive than in the past” and that a draft peace agreement had been concluded.
The agreement included the withdrawal of U.S. and international troops from Afghanistan and the Taliban, which did not allow other jihadist groups to operate inside the country.  The Taliban also announced progress in the negotiations.  U.S. troops have already begun to leave Afghanistan and fewer than 5,000 troops are expected in the country by November. That`s a drop of nearly 13,000 when the agreement between the United States and the Taliban was signed on February 29. The agreement reached in February between the United States and the Taliban set a timetable for the withdrawal of foreign troops in exchange for guarantees to fight terrorism. At a conference in Kabul, the Danes said the insurgents did not believe in a peaceful solution to the conflict. “We [the Afghan government] have neither signed nor ratified this agreement [the U.S.-Taliban peace agreement] and, from our point of view and commitments, we are not responsible for the details of its contents,” he added.