An International Investment Agreement (IIIA) is a kind of country-to-country treaty that addresses issues relevant to cross-border investment, usually to protect, promote and liberalize such investments. Most FDI covers foreign direct investment (FDI) and portfolio investments, some of which do not exclude them. Countries that enter into agreements commit to specific standards for the treatment of foreign investment in their territory. In the event of non-compliance with these obligations, AAs continue to define dispute resolution procedures. The most common types of I2 are bilateral investment agreements (ILOs) and preferential trade and investment agreements (PTIA). International tax treaties and double taxation (DT) agreements are also considered AI, as taxation often has a significant impact on foreign investment. IiA Mapping Project The IIA Mapping Project is a cooperative initiative between UNCTAD and universities around the world to represent the content of II A. The resulting database serves as a tool to understand trends in CEW development, assess the prevalence of different policy approaches, and identify examples of contracts. The Mapping of IIA Content allows you to browse the results of the project (the page will be regularly updated as new results become available). Please quote as: UNCTAD, Mapping of IIA Content, available at investmentpolicy.unctad.org/international-investment-agreements/iia-mapping More information: Mapping Project Description – Methodology document IIA Navigator This IIA database – the IIA browser – is managed by the IIA section of UNCTAD. You can browse THE IIAs that are completed by a given country or group of countries, view the recently concluded IIAs, or use advanced research for sophisticated research tailored to your needs.
Please include: UNCTAD, International Investment Agreements Navigator, available in investmentpolicy.unctad.org/international-investment-agreements/ typical ILO and PTIA provisions are clauses relating to standards for the protection and treatment of foreign investment, which generally deal with issues such as fair and equitable treatment, protection and security, national treatment and the most frequent national treatment.  Provisions for compensation for losses suffered by foreign investors as a result of expropriation or war and dispute are generally an essential element of these agreements. Most of them also regulate the cross-border transfer of funds related to foreign investment. Environmental regulations are also becoming more common in I2As. 104 In the past, several initiatives have been taken to create a more multilateral approach to the creation of international investment rules. These essays include the Havana Charter of 1948, the draft UN Code of Conduct for Transnational Enterprises in the 1980s and the Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in the 1990s.